Cystic acne is a severe form of acne that can cause painful, deep-seated pimples and nodules that can take a long time to heal. It can be difficult to treat, but there are a number of steps you can take to help clear up your skin. In this article, we will discuss how to treat cystic acne in 1000 words or less.
Cleanse your skin
The first step in treating cystic acne is to cleanse your skin thoroughly. This means using a gentle cleanser that is appropriate for your skin type. Avoid harsh, abrasive cleansers that can strip the skin of its natural oils and cause irritation. Make sure to cleanse your skin twice a day, in the morning and at night, to remove any dirt, oil, and makeup that can contribute to acne.
Use topical treatments
There are a number of topical treatments that can help to treat cystic acne. These include benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, and retinoids. Benzoyl peroxide works by killing the bacteria that cause acne and reducing inflammation. Salicylic acid works by unclogging pores and reducing inflammation. Retinoids work by increasing cell turnover and reducing the buildup of dead skin cells that can clog pores. These treatments can be used in combination or alone, depending on the severity of your acne.
Use oral antibiotics
In some cases, oral antibiotics may be necessary to treat cystic acne. Antibiotics work by killing the bacteria that cause acne and reducing inflammation. They are typically prescribed for a period of several weeks or months, depending on the severity of your acne. Common antibiotics used to treat acne include tetracycline, doxycycline, and minocycline.
Consider hormonal treatments
Hormonal treatments can be effective in treating cystic acne in women. These treatments work by regulating the hormones that can contribute to acne, such as testosterone and estrogen. Common hormonal treatments for acne include birth control pills and spironolactone.
Don't pick at your skin
While it may be tempting to pick at your acne, this can actually make the problem worse. Picking at your skin can cause inflammation and irritation, and can even lead to scarring. Instead, use gentle, non-comedogenic products that won't clog your pores.
Keep your skin hydrated
Keeping your skin hydrated is an important part of treating cystic acne. When your skin is dehydrated, it produces more oil to compensate, which can lead to clogged pores and acne. Make sure to drink plenty of water throughout the day, and use a moisturizer that is appropriate for your skin type to keep your skin hydrated.
Use ice to reduce inflammation
Applying ice to your acne can help to reduce inflammation and redness. Simply wrap an ice pack in a towel and apply it to your acne for a few minutes at a time. Be sure to never apply ice directly to your skin, as this can cause damage.
Consider light therapy
Light therapy can be an effective treatment for cystic acne. This therapy uses a specific wavelength of light to kill the bacteria that cause acne and reduce inflammation. It can be done in a dermatologist's office or at home with a handheld device.
Consider a chemical peel
Chemical peels can help to improve the appearance of acne and reduce the risk of scarring. They work by using a chemical solution to remove the top layer of skin, which can help to unclog pores and reduce inflammation. Chemical peels should only be done by a licensed professional.
Isotretinoin is a powerful medication used to treat severe acne, including cystic acne.